Hands, Generalities

Hands

Generalities

Hands, our faithful friends...

Think about how important hands are to our lives ! They can be so many things : your shield from painful shocks ; the medium for caresses ; the substitute for a word that evades you in a conversation ; and, when you have lost everything, your means of survival.

Have you ever thought of counting the number of times a day that you submit your hands to a brutal regime of changes ? Think of just washing your hands, sometimes in cold water, sometimes hot, possibly ice cold, depending on where you are. Or just the effect of passing from a heated room to the glacial cold of outdoors.

It is not astonishing, considering this shocking treatment, basic to active daily life, that hands become red, chapped and dry.

Certainly they have their own natural defenses. The hand's first barrier to its daily stresses is a hydrolipidic film which is a natural protection against normal climatic changes. This sebaceous barrier only provides a limited resistance in modern life. Every day it is necessary to reconstruct this film with the help of one or more adequate complementary products. And, good products exist ! All you have to do is find the one that suits the needs of your hands.

The hand is an extraordinary communicator. Its free movements allow it to make gestures which can replace words. The dexterity of the hand has enabled the creation of a universal Deaf and Dumb Language of hand signals, and in reading braille, blind people rely on their extremely sensitive fingertips.

Anatomy of hands

The bones

The hand is the extension of the arm and we can distinguish three groups of bones which form its skeleton : the carpals, metacarpals and phalanges. The wrist is formed by two groups of four little bones (carpals). The first group is attached by joints to the ulna and radius bones of the forearm. The lesser group is articulated with the five metacarpals which are found between the wrist and fingers. There are joints between the metacarpals and the finger bones.

The names of the fingers are : Auricular (little finger) ; Digitus Annularis (ring finger) ; Digitus Medius (middle finger) ; Index finger ; Pollex (thumb). They are composed of three bones of varying sizes which are called phalanges. It should be noted that the thumb has only two phalanges.

Bones of the hand
  1. Phalanges
  2. Metacarapals
  3. Carpals
Bones of the forearm
  1. Radius
  2. Ulna

Muscles and tendons of the hand

The hand has a very complex system of muscles and tendons which allow it to perform complicated and precise movements. The muscles can be divided into two principal groups : superficial and deep. There are extensor muscles, flexor muscles and ulnar abductors. The flexing muscles are found in the palmar side of the hand, and the stretching in the dorsal side. Each finger has its own muscles and each muscle is connected to the bone by tendons. On the inner side of the hand the thenar eminence, thumb muscle, and the hypothenar eminence, little finger muscle, are joined in the palm. This conjuction allows the thumb to be in opposition to the other fingers. That, and the ability to lift the index or little finger individually are characteristics unique to the human hand.

Circulation and nerves

The hand has an abundant supply of blood due to the two principal arteries, radial and ulna, which run through it. These arteries are found in the forearm next to the radius and ulna bones from which they get their name. A multitude of nerves stimulate the muscles, and sensory corpuscles thickly spread throughout the skin of the hand give it the sensitivity to perceive heat, cold, humidity, roughness, etc., of an object or its dimensions.

The MAVALA hand care programme

The skin of our hands is very fragile because of the poor quality of the network of sebaceous glands in them. They therefore dry out easily, and to make matters worse, we often expose them to detergents, sun exposure and other cleaning products without adequate protection. These factors plus harmful sun rays accelerate the dehydration of our hands. This range of products has been developed by MAVALA to care for and beautify hands. It will keep them smooth and healthy. This programme is based on active natural ingredients that include hyaluronic acid and silk amino acids. These ingredients work together to maintain continuous moisturizing.